Treated wastewater from fracking potentially harmful


WATER WORLD

Treated wastewater from fracking potentially harmful
by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Sep 26, 2014


The researchers diluted river-water samples of fracking wastewater discharged from operations in Pennsylvania and Arkansas, simulating real-world conditions when wastewater gets into the environment.

Concerns that fluids from hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” are contaminating drinking water abound. Now, scientists are bringing to light another angle that adds to the controversy.

A new study, appearing in the ACS journal Environmental Science and Technology, has found that discharge of fracking wastewaters to rivers, even after passage through wastewater treatment plants, could be putting the drinking water supplies of downstream cities at risk.

William A. Mitch, Avner Vengosh and colleagues point out that the disposal of fracking wastewater poses a major challenge for the companies that use the technique, which involves injecting millions of gallons of fluids into shale rock formations to release oil and gas. The resulting wastewater is highly radioactive and contains high levels of heavy metals and salts called halides (bromide, chloride and iodide).

One approach to dealing with this wastewater is to treat it in municipal or commercial treatment plants and then release it into rivers and other surface waters. The problem is these plants don’t do a good job at removing halides.

Researchers have raised concern that halide-contaminated surface water subsequently treated for drinking purposes with conventional methods, such as chlorination or ozonation, could lead to the formation of toxic byproducts. Mitch’s team set out to see if that was indeed the case.

The researchers diluted river-water samples of fracking wastewater discharged from operations in Pennsylvania and Arkansas, simulating real-world conditions when wastewater gets into the environment.

In the lab, they then used current drinking-water disinfection methods on the samples. They found that even at concentrations as low as 0.01 percent up to 0.1 percent by volume of fracking wastewater, an array of toxic compounds formed. Based on their findings, the researchers recommend either that fracking wastewater should not be discharged at all into surface waters or that future water treatment include specific halide-removal techniques.

Walrus mass in vast numbers on Alaska beach as sea ice retreats


Walrus mass in vast numbers on Alaska beach as sea ice retreats

Concern that warming climate is responsible for gathering of about 35,000 walrus in north-west Alaska

    • theguardian.com, Wednesday 1 October 2014 01.26 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/01/walrus-mass-vast-numbers-alaska-beach-sea-ice-retreats?CMP=EMCNEWEML6619I2

The huge gathering of walrus near Point Lay, Alaska.
The huge gathering of walrus near Point Lay, Alaska. Photograph: Corey Accardo/AP

Pacific walrus that can’t find sea ice for resting in Arctic waters are coming ashore in record numbers on a beach in north-west Alaska.

An estimated 35,000 walrus were photographed on Saturday about five miles north of Point Lay, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Point Lay is an Inupiat village 700 miles (1,126 kilometres) north-west of Anchorage.

The enormous gathering was spotted during NOAA’s annual arctic marine mammal aerial survey, spokeswoman Julie Speegle said by email.

The gathering of walrus on shore is a phenomenon that has accompanied the loss of summer sea ice as the climate has warmed.

Pacific walrus spend winters in the Bering Sea. Females give birth on sea ice and use ice as a diving platform to reach snails, clams and worms on the shallow continental shelf.

Plastic Paradise: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch


Originally posted on spiritandanimal.wordpress.com:

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 Plastic Paradise: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

The Film Everyone Needs to See: Plastic Paradise

Published on September 26th, 2014 | by Derek Markham

September 26th, 2014 by Derek Markham http://planetsave.com/2014/09/26/plastic-paradise/?utm_source=Planetsave+News&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=170b63e856-RSS_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN&utm_term=0_a3f7a27c05-170b63e856-412114993

Plastic ParadiseThe wide adoption of plastics for making everything from single-use shopping bags to toys to gadgets and electronics has been a boon for the consumer, but an environmental disaster for the planet.

Being able to cheaply reproduce almost any shape in mass quantities has made it possible to make and distribute vast quantities of plastic doo-dads and widgets and bottles and bags and packaging, most of which are then destined to end up in our oceans, affecting marine environments and the people who depend on them.

A new film, Plastic Paradise: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, investigates the effects that plastic from our modern disposable society has on the world around us, even in places far removed from…

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Japan Gov’t-funded Study: Fukushima has released up to 120 Quadrillion becquerels of radioactive cesium into North Pacific Ocean — Does not include amounts that fell on land — Exceeds Chernobyl total, which accounts for releases deposited on land AND ocean (MAP)


Originally posted on spiritandanimal.wordpress.com:

Japan Gov’t-funded Study: Fukushima has released up to 120 Quadrillion becquerels of radioactive cesium into North Pacific Ocean — Does not include amounts that fell on land — Exceeds Chernobyl total, which accounts for releases deposited on land AND ocean (MAP)

Scientific Reports (Nature.com),  Mar. 4 2014: The total amount of decay-corrected 134Cs in the [subtropical] mode water was an estimated about 6 PBq [petabecquerels, i.e. 6 quadrillion becquerels] corresponding to 10–60% of the total inventory of Fukushima-derived 134Cs in the North Pacific Ocean. […] The decay corrected ratio of 134Cs/137Cs in soils has been calculated to be 1.0, which suggests that the total amounts of 134Cs and 137Cs released from FNPP1 were equivalent. […] the total amount of Fukushima-derived radiocesium in the North Pacific remains uncertain, because it has been difficult to obtain sufficient samples of water, especially from subsurface and deep waters, in the vast North Pacific…

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What’s killing all the sea stars along the West Coast?


Originally posted on spiritandanimal.wordpress.com:

What’s killing all the sea stars along the West Coast?

by Julie Wilson staff writer

sea stars

What’s killing all the sea stars along the West Coast?


Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/047059_sea_stars_West_Coast_wasting_syndrome.html#ixzz3EhHyEpNn

(NaturalNews) Millions of sea stars have mysteriously been wiped out along the Pacific coast, stretching from Alaska all the way to Mexico. Sea stars, belonging to the class Asteroidea, have been around for 450 million years, according to researchers. More than 20 species of sea stars are showing signs of what experts call “wasting syndrome,” a condition causing the ancient star’s limbs to disintegrate and melt, resulting in massive die-offs.

Last November, divers off the coast of Washington were able to catch video footage of the diseased starfish, describing the melting process as beginning with a “strange loss of coordination and inability to grasp onto objects.” Their limbs and insides eventually began…

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Whaling Ailing


Originally posted on The Free:

revenge at last

JAPAN
Whaling Policy in Choppy Waters
By Suvendrini Kakuchi

TOKYO, Feb 27, 2011 (IPS) – After years of stiff resistance, the Japanese government has announced a temporary halt to its controversial research whaling programme in the Antarctic Ocean, a decision that will finally stir the debate to promote sustainable fishing, say conservationists here.

“We welcome the decision to halt whaling this season as a step towards preserving whales which are an endangered species. The message is that whales have to be protected which is all the more valuable since it comes from a nation that is a leader in the consumption of seafood stocks,” Junichi Sato, expert on whaling at Greenpeace Japan told IPS.

Since 1982, the world has followed global moratorium against commercial whaling by the International Whaling Commission (IWC) but only Japan was allocated an annual quota for scientific whaling that is aimed at determining available stocks.

Greenpeace…

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Weather radar captures a swarm of butterflies over southern Illinois and central Missouri


Originally posted on spiritandanimal.wordpress.com:

Weather radar captures a swarm of butterflies over southern Illinois and central Missouri

© Unknown
Google+    

A swarm of butterflies, winging its way south for the winter, was “spotted” as large blue blobs on weather radar last week over southern Illinois and central Missouri.

“We think these targets are Monarch butterflies,” the National Weather Service in St. Louis noted on its Facebook page, which also includes a technical explanation of how the weather service came to this conclusion.

READ MORE HERE: http://www.sott.net/article/286302-Weather-radar-captures-a-swarm-of-butterflies-over-southern-Illinois-and-central-Missouri

http://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2014/09/24/butterfly-swarm-weather-radar-st-louis/16147795/

© Chip Taylor, AP
Migrating monarch butterflies were seen on weather radar in the central U.S.

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Naomi Klein: This Changes Everything


Originally posted on spiritandanimal.wordpress.com:

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Naomi Klein: This Changes Everything

Naomi Klein’s new book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate, details how our  economic system and the planetary system are at war. The book was released 16 September 2014.

On 3 December 2011 thousands of people from around the world hit the streets of Durban, South Africa to protest the UN Climate Conference.  Photo by Orin Langelle  http://photolangelle.org

Klein appeared on Democracy Now with Amy Goodman on Thursday 18

 

Naomi Klein: This Changes Everything

Naomi Klein’s new book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate, details how our  economic system and the planetary system are at war. The book was released 16 September 2014. http://climate-connections.org/2014/09/20/naomi-klein-this-changes-everything/

On 3 December 2011 thousands of people from around the world hit the streets of Durban, South Africa to protest the UN Climate Conference.  Photo by Orin Langelle  http://photolangelle.org

Klein appeared on Democracy Now with Amy Goodman on Thursday 18

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spiritandanimal.wordpress.com

We are not far from one another: there is a deep connection between spirit, animal, nature, humanity, clouds ....

mostly music

songs and videos from inside the box

My Blog for WOMENinSHADOW

Smile! You’re at the best WordPress.com site ever

Soul Destruction

London Call Girl Book & Diary Series - Exposing the dark world and the harsh reality of life as a drug addicted call girl

Ejemplos de adverbios

Ejemplos de adverbios de tiempo, lugar, modo, exclamacion, interrogacion, etc.

I Know I Made You Smile

cartoons/humor/fiction/nonfiction

Robert J. Burrowes

If you live your dream, you have lived.

Anita McKone

Singing Nonviolence

Map Of Hope - Strassenhunde in Gefahr

Aktuelle Nachrichten - Informationen, Hintergründe, Fakten, Hilfsmöglichkeiten und Protestmöglichkeiten

HumansinShadow.wordpress.com

Humans in Shadow, Hidden from Public`s Eyesight

humansinshadow

Smile! You’re at the best WordPress.com site ever

annaschmitt10

A great WordPress.com site

My Blog Inprisonedwomen.wordpress.com

Women in Prisons are often Women in Shadow

Palestine Rose

I wish you Peace and Joy

Clinicalnews.org

Medical Science not Medical Industry

My Blog Straydogsworldwide

Straydogs - Dogs with no Rights - We help them!

SherayxWeblog

Just another WordPress.com weblog

Chemtrails: The Exotic Weapon

Climate Change to Fear Most

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